Understanding Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) Procedure
If you or your partner has been diagnosed with unexplained infertility, male fertility issues or hostile cervical mucus, one such fertility treatment to support couples trying to conceive is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI).
IUI involves inserting the prepared sperm sample from your partner or donor through the cervix (the neck of the womb) and into the uterus. This procedure is performed during ovulation to achieve the highest possibility of fertilisation, and thus improving the chances of pregnancy.
IUI Procedure: Step by Step
- The IUI treatment starts by monitoring the woman’s menstrual cycle for two weeks to determine the day of ovulation.
- Once an egg has matured, it breaks free from the ovary and begins its journey through the fallopian tube, marking the start of ovulation. This ovulation process occurs either naturally or is induced by an artificial hormone simulation.
- Healthy sperm is later inserted directly into the uterus via a thin catheter, leaving fertilisation to happen as it would in a natural cycle. The discomfort experienced is akin to a pap smear.
What Does A Good IUI Candidate Look Like?
For successful IUI treatment results, a female candidate should:
Be Able to Ovulate
The ideal female candidate has a regular menstrual cycle. If they suffer from ovulation issues, such as PCOS, fertility injections or oral medication will be given to stimulate the ovaries to prepare for IUI.
Have Unobstructed Fallopian Tubes
The fallopian tubes should be unobstructed to give way for fertilisation. Women with endometriosis or prior infections may carry scar tissue that can obstruct these tubes, hindering egg transport and, by extension, fertilisation.
Have A Healthy, Interact Uterus
A healthy uterus is needed to ensure that a fertilised egg can attach itself to the uterus lining and sustain the pregnancy. Infection, hereditary issues, previous trauma can damage the uterus and make becoming pregnant or carrying the pregnancy problematic. IUI has a lower success rate in such cases, and surgery or surrogacy may be recommended as alternative procedures.
For successful IUI treatment results, a male candidate should:
Be Able To Produce Healthy Sperm
The ideal male candidate can produce healthy sperm in adequate numbers. Otherwise, donor sperm or IVF with ICSI may be recommended.
At O&G Specialist Clinic, we work with you to ensure your fertility journey remains a smooth one. Head down to our clinic in Singapore or set a virtual consultation with us to discuss more about what the treatment entails, the costs and like. The path to parenthood is exciting and full of hope – and we wish to journey with you in this life chapter.